Canada is a constitutional monarchy in North America.


  • Capital city: Ottawa
  • Largest city by population: Toronto
  • Population: 34,800,000 (2012 World Bank) 
  • Size: 9,985,000 sq km (ranked 2nd)
  • Currency: Canadian dollar
  • Independence: 1982 from the United Kingdom
  • Current head of state: Queen Elizabeth II (Stephen Harper acts as Prime Minister)
  • Official languages: English, French


Canada is the largest independent country in the Western Hemisphere. Canada is composed of ten provinces and three territories. Canada only borders one country, The United States to the South.